Heart arrhythmia is a set of conditions in which the heartbeat is uneven, too slow or too fast.
Bradycardia: A heart rate is below 60 beats per minute
Tachycardia: A heart rate that is above 100 beats per minute in adults
Symptoms: Usually Arrhythmia has no symptoms. Yet a few symptoms generally found in patients with Arrhythmia, such as lightheadedness, palpitations or feeling a pause between heartbeats, shortness of breath, passing out, or chest pain.
There are four main types of arrhythmia:
• Extra beats
• Supraventricular tachycardias
• Ventricular arrhythmias
Diagnosis: Various tests and procedures that can help in diagnosis of arrhythmia include an Electrocardiogram (ECG) and Holter monitor.
Treatment: Most arrhythmias can be effectively treated.
Treatments may include medications such as beta blockers, surgery, various medical procedures such as inserting a pacemaker or procainamide agents to restore a normal heart rhythm. Some types of arrhythmia conditions result in sudden death or cardiac arrest.
Arrhythmia affects millions of people. Approximately 80% of sudden cardiac death is the due to ventricular arrhythmias. About 15% of all sudden cardiac deaths are result of cardiovascular disease globally. As of 2014 about 2% to 3% of the population is affected by atrial fibrillation in Europe and North America.
- Track 1-1. High cholesterol
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- Track 1-3. Hypertensive heart disease
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