Atherosclerosis is a disease in which the narrowing of arteries due to the buildup of plaque which results in limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to parts of the body.
Atherosclerosis is due to abnormal cholesterol levels, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, smoking, hereditary and an unhealthy diet.
In the Initial stage no symptoms appear, when severe, it can result in stroke, coronary artery disease, kidney problems and peripheral artery disease depending on which arteries are affected.
Atherosclerosis is normally come out in men when they are in 40s and women in their 50s to 60s. In United States as per 2004 data, in about 66% of men and 47% of women, the first indication of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease lead to heart attack or sudden cardiac death.
Prevention: It is usually by taking healthy diet, not smoking, exercising, and maintaining a normal weight.
Treatment: It includes blood pressure medication, medications to lower cholesterol such as statins, or medications to reduce clotting, such as aspirin. Various procedures may also be carried out such as coronary artery bypass graft, percutaneous coronary intervention, or carotid endarterectomy.