Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Clinical cardiologists are specialized physicians whose studies concerning to the cardiac diseases such as: congenital heart diseases, coronary artery disease, valvular heart disease, heart failure and their epidemiology, pathophysiology, aetiology and genetics are covered. Special focus to be on studies involving diagnosis, treatment and management of cardiac diseases such as: electrophysiology, cardiac medicine, cardiovascular implants, cardiac surgery, cardiac regeneration and identification of cardiovascular risk factors. A clinical cardiologist is specialized in treating congenital heart conditions, endocarditis, pericarditis, high blood pressure and irregular heart rhythms. The salary for clinical cardiologists is quite good, with a median salary for non-invasive surgeons at $316,000.
  • Track 1-1. Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Track 1-2. Modern Practices in Cardiovascular Therapy
  • Track 1-3. Inflammatory Cardiomyopathy
  • Track 1-4. Application of Cardiac Progenitor Cells
  • Track 1-5. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention PCI
  • Track 1-6. Hypertension for the primary care clinician
  • Track 1-7. Preventive Medicine
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Hypertension is popularly known as high blood pressure (HBP). In which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently raised. This long term medical condition is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease, heart failure, stroke, atrial fibrillation, vision loss, peripheral vascular disease, chronic kidney disease, and dementia. High blood pressure is classified into Primary high blood pressure: • About 90–95% of cases are with primary high blood pressure • Nonspecific lifestyle, genetic factors, excess body weight, smoking, and alcohol are the major reasons Secondary high blood pressure: • About 5-10% of cases are with secondary high blood pressure • Due to chronic kidney diseases, endocrine disorders, or the excessive use of birth control pills Hypertension in newborns and young infants can cause seizures, failure to thrive, irritability, less energy, and difficulty in breathing. In older infants and children, hypertension can cause headache, unexplained irritability, failure to thrive, fatigue, nosebleeds, blurred vision, and facial paralysis. Primary prevention of hypertension: • maintain standard body weight for adults • reduce the use of dietary sodium intake • engage body with aerobic physical activities • control alcohol consumption • increase fruit and vegetables intake
  • Track 2-1. Advanced heart medications
  • Track 2-2. ACE-inhibitors, left ventricular remodeling and hypertrophy
  • Track 2-3. ARB-antagonists, renin-angiotensin system
  • Track 2-4. Sodium, potassium, calcium channel blockers
  • Track 2-5. Beta blockers, mitral valve prolapse
  • Track 2-6. Cardiovascular drugs and market analysis
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Cardiac imaging is a subspecialty of diagnostic radiology, in which cardiac radiologist performs and then interprets medical images to diagnose heart diseases, heart failures, fault in size and shape of the heart and leaky heart valves. Cardiac (heart) imaging procedures include: • Coronary catheterization • Echocardiogram • Intravascular ultrasound • Cardiac PET scan • Cardiac CT scan • Cardiac MRI • X-rays These tests are used to identify the cardiac symptoms, monitor your heart, evaluate and screen for heart failures and clinical management of congenital heart disease.
  • Track 3-1. Cardiac MRI
  • Track 3-2. Noninvasive cardiac imaging
  • Track 3-3. Imaging of coronary atherosclerosis
  • Track 3-4. Coronary catheterization
  • Track 3-5. Intravascular ultrasound
  • Track 3-6. Echocardiogram
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Electrocardiography is used to record the electrical activity of the heart using electrodes placed on the skin over a period of time. This process is used to detect any cardiac problems. ECG is used to obtain about the structure and function of the heart. Some of indications for performing an ECG include: • Heart attack or chest pain • ST elevated myocardial infarction • Suspected pulmonary embolism • A cardiac murmur • Monitoring of known cardiac arrhythmias • Fainting • Seizures • Monitoring the effects of a medication on the heart • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy • Cardiac stress testing • Computed tomography • Biotelemetry of patients
  • Track 4-1. Left-sided heart failure
  • Track 4-2. Right-sided heart failure
  • Track 4-3. Coronary artery bypass
  • Track 4-4. Congestive heart failure
  • Track 4-5. Heart transplantation
  • Track 4-6. Cardiac resynchronization therapy CRT
  • Track 4-7. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator ICD
  • Track 4-8. Heart failure in children and adolescents
  • Track 4-9. Predictors and markers of heart failure outcome
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Heart disease or cardiovascular disease concerning to a range of conditions, including coronary artery disease, heart rhythm (arrhythmias) and congenital heart defects. Heart Diseases are two types 1. Congenital heart disease 2. Acquired heart disease Cardiovascular disease describes the diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels. Cardiovascular disease includes coronary artery diseases, stroke, heart failure, rheumatic heart disease, hypertensive heart disease, cardiomyopathy, congenital heart disease, heart arrhythmia, valvular heart disease, carditis, thromboembolic disease, aortic aneurysms, peripheral artery disease, and venous thrombosis. Most cardiovascular disease affects older adults. In the United States 11% of people between the age of 20 and 40 have CVD, while 37% between 40 years to 60 years, 71% of people between 60 years and 80 years, and 85% of people over 80 years have CVD.
  • Track 5-1. Ischemic heart diseases
  • Track 5-2. Epidemiological transition of cardiovascular disease
  • Track 5-3. Coronary heart diseases
  • Track 5-4. Reversing heart diseases
  • Track 5-5. Congestive heart diseases
  • Track 5-6. Congenital heart diseases
  • Track 5-7. Inflammatory heart disease, Hypertension
  • Track 5-8. Cardiovascular diseases in women
  • Track 5-9. Innovation in ischemic heart disease, angiogenesis
  • Track 5-10. Myocardial infarction and arrhythmias
  • Track 5-11. Cardio myopathy and arteriosclerotic vascular disease
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Pediatric cardiology is a sub-specialty of pediatrics deals with diseases of the heart in the growing and developing individual. Pediatric cardiologists are doctors who diagnose and treat children with cardiac conditions, which include • congenital heart disease • cardiovascular collapse in infancy • cardiac failure in infants and children • cyanosis in the newborn • children with heart murmurs • transposition of the arteries • children and adolescents with chest pain • cardiovascular abnormalities • fetal cardiac abnormalities • pediatric cardiac transplantation • cardiac surgery • management of critically ill children with cardiac problems Various Procedures and interventions include: • electrocardiogram (ECG) • advanced imaging – CT/MRI • chest x-ray • exercise testing • pediatric cardiac transplantation • cardiac event recording • balloon atrial septostomy • ultrasound scans of the heart All pediatric cardiologists must complete specialized training in one of the following areas: • advanced imaging (CT/MRI) • advanced echocardiography • adult congenital heart disease • fetal cardiology • therapeutic catheterisation • invasive electrophysiology • pulmonary hypotension • heart failure and cardiac transplantation
  • Track 6-1. Pediatric heart transplant
  • Track 6-2. Pediatric heart catheterization
  • Track 6-3. Pediatric Cardiologists
  • Track 6-4. Pediatric heart physiology
  • Track 6-5. Pediatric diseases pathology
  • Track 6-6. Pediatric angina
  • Track 6-7. Pediatric mechanical circulatory support
  • Track 6-8. Fetal cardiology
  • Track 6-9. Children and adolescents Prehypertension and metabolic syndrome, progression of risk and diagnosis of disease
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Cardiac Surgeons are the doctors, who perform surgeries on the heart or great vessels to repair damage occurred by diseases of the cardiovascular system. They used to treat complications such as ischemic heart disease, heart transplantations, congenital heart disease, valvular heart disease including endocarditis, atherosclerosis, and rheumatic heart disease. Cardiac surgeons usually do: • Treat heart failure and coronary heart disease • Repair or replace heart valves • Repair damaged or abnormal structures in the heart • Implant medical devices that support blood flow, heart beat and heart function • Heart transplantation • Control abnormal heart rhythms Various Types of Heart Surgery • Aortic surgery • Aortic valve surgery • Arrhythmia surgery • Congenital heart surgery • Coronary artery bypass graft surgery • Heart transplant • Left ventricular assist device • Left ventricular remodeling • Surgical ventricular restoration • Myectomy/myotomy • TMR • Valvular surgery
  • Track 7-1. Cardiomyopathies
  • Track 7-2. Open Heart Surgery
  • Track 7-3. Cardiac transplantation
  • Track 7-4. Adult congenital heart disease and sports cardiology
  • Track 7-5. Mechanical support left ventricular assist devices
  • Track 7-6. Therapeutic and physiologic issues surrounding heart valve surgery
  • Track 7-7. Angioplasty or surgery for multi-vessel coronary artery disease
  • Track 7-8. Advances in congenital heart disease
  • Track 7-9. Transmyocardial Revascularization TMR
  • Track 7-10. Bypass Surgery
  • Track 7-11. Heart Transplant
  • Track 7-12. Stent Procedure
  • Track 7-13. Artificial Heart Valve Surgery
  • Track 7-14. Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery
  • Track 7-15. Cardiomyoplasty
  • Track 7-16. Angioplasty
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The nuclear cardiology is a sub-specialty of cardiology which performs a wide variety of non-invasive cardiovascular imaging studies, include: Myocardial perfusion imaging (nuclear stress tests) for the detection and management of coronary artery disease, radionuclide cineangiograms, and viability studies to assess for the extent of myocardial infarction and to evaluate heart function. Nuclear cardiology tests are used to assess? • The function of your heart • The flow of blood to the heart muscle • Lifestyle interventions and medications • Best possible treatments for your heart • Whether the shortness of breath, chest discomfort or fatigue is due to heart disease. A widest range of tests performed under Nuclear Cardiology are • Myocardial perfusion tests • Ventricular function studies • PET scans • Resting myocardial perfusion scan • MUGA scans
  • Track 8-1. Oxygen therapy
  • Track 8-2. Emergency medicines
  • Track 8-3. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Track 8-4. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation ECMO
  • Track 8-5. Clot busting medicine
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Interventional cardiology is a sub-specialty of cardiology that deals specially with the catheter based treatment of structural heart diseases. Through catheterization a large number of procedures can be performed on the heart. Different Interventional Cardiology procedures include, Angioplasty, Percutaneous coronary intervention, Valvuloplasty, Congenital heart defect correction, Percutaneous valve replacement, Percutaneous valve repair and Coronary thrombectomy. The major advantages of using the interventional cardiology or radiology methods are the prevention of the scars, pain, and long post-operative recovery. In the US and Canada, interventional cardiologists requires a minimum of 7 years post-graduate medical education and those who wanted to do specialization in different structural heart procedure need up to 9 years of post-graduate medical education.
  • Track 9-1. Cardiac catheterization
  • Track 9-2. AngioplastyPercutaneous coronary intervention
  • Track 9-3. Embolic protection
  • Track 9-4. Percutaneous valve repair
  • Track 9-5. Balloon valvuloplasty
  • Track 9-6. Atherectomy
  • Track 9-7. Coronary thrombectomy
  • Track 9-8. Peripheral Arterial Diseases
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Thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel which results in blocking the flow of blood through the circulatory system. The body releases platelets and fibrin to form a blood clot to prevent blood loss, when a blood vessel is injured. Thrombosis may occur in veins or in arteries. Venous thrombosis: Leads to blocking of the affected part of the body Arterial thrombosis: It affects the blood supply and leads to tissue damage supplied by the artery. Different types of thrombosis based on the type of vessel affected 1. Venous thrombosis • Paget-Schroetter disease • Deep vein thrombosis • Budd-Chiari syndrome • Portal vein thrombosis • Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis • Jugular vein thrombosis • Cavernous sinus thrombosis 2. Arterial thrombosis • Stroke • Myocardial infarction 3. Limb ischemia Prevention: The use of heparin following surgery is common preventive procedure if there are no issues with bleeding. Treatment: Various treatment methods are existed to treat thrombosis, which include • Anticoagulation • Thrombolysis • Surgery • Endovascular treatment • Endovascular treatment
  • Track 10-1. Cardiac regenerative therapy
  • Track 10-2. Transdifferentiation during heart regeneration
  • Track 10-3. Biomimetic heart valve replacement
  • Track 10-4. Stem cell-derived engineered cardiac tissue
  • Track 10-5. PacemakersICDs Pacers, Pumps
  • Track 10-6. NSTEMI Guidelines
  • Track 10-7. Cardiac Neurodevelopment
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Heart arrhythmia is a set of conditions in which the heartbeat is uneven, too slow or too fast. Bradycardia: A heart rate is below 60 beats per minute Tachycardia: A heart rate that is above 100 beats per minute in adults Symptoms: Usually Arrhythmia has no symptoms. Yet a few symptoms generally found in patients with Arrhythmia, such as lightheadedness, palpitations or feeling a pause between heartbeats, shortness of breath, passing out, or chest pain. There are four main types of arrhythmia: • Extra beats • Supraventricular tachycardias • Ventricular arrhythmias • Bradyarrhythmias Diagnosis: Various tests and procedures that can help in diagnosis of arrhythmia include an Electrocardiogram (ECG) and Holter monitor. Treatment: Most arrhythmias can be effectively treated. Treatments may include medications such as beta blockers, surgery, various medical procedures such as inserting a pacemaker or procainamide agents to restore a normal heart rhythm. Some types of arrhythmia conditions result in sudden death or cardiac arrest. Arrhythmia affects millions of people. Approximately 80% of sudden cardiac death is the due to ventricular arrhythmias. About 15% of all sudden cardiac deaths are result of cardiovascular disease globally. As of 2014 about 2% to 3% of the population is affected by atrial fibrillation in Europe and North America.
  • Track 11-1. High cholesterol
  • Track 11-2. Lipoprotein receptors
  • Track 11-3. Hypertensive heart disease
  • Track 11-4. Blood pressure
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It is an interdisciplinary field of medicine deals with the clinical and molecular alterations in cardiovascular system during the treatment of cancer specially chemo and radiation therapy. Patients with cardiac tumors usually have infinite symptoms, such as dyspnea, fatigue, thoracoabdominal pain, nausea, fever, hemoptysis, vomiting, and weight loss. In most cases, the diagnosis is based on clinical history; Cardiac tumours are first diagnosed after the patient has had a stroke, an embolism caused by detached tumor tissue.
  • Track 12-1. Atrial myxoma, tricuspid stenosis
  • Track 12-2. Benign cardiac tumors, cardiac fibroma
  • Track 12-3. Cardiac neoplasm, pulmonary chondroma
  • Track 12-4. Cardiac sarcoma, hemangiosarcoma, angiosarcoma
  • Track 12-5. Carney complex, LAMB syndrome
  • Track 12-6. Prevention of chemotherapy-induced cardiac dysfunction
  • Track 12-7. Cancer and Heart
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Cardiac nursing is a sub specialty of nursing deals with the patients who suffer from various cardiovascular system conditions and problems. Cardiac nurses perform various procedures such as stress test evaluations, vascular monitoring, cardiac monitoring, postoperative care on a surgical unit and health assessments. Cardiac nurses work in different environments, including coronary care units (CCU), intensive care units (ICU), cardiac catheterization, operating theatres, clinical research, cardiac rehabilitation centers, cardiovascular intensive care units, cardiac surgery wards and medical wards. Cardiac nurses are registered nurses helps to treat multiple conditions of the patients such as unstable angina, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure and cardiac dysrhythmia under the direction of a cardiologist.
  • Track 13-1. Stress test evaluation
  • Track 13-2. Cardiac and vascular monitoring
  • Track 13-3. Health assessments
  • Track 13-4. Electrocardiogram monitoring
  • Track 13-5. Biophysics and systems biology
  • Track 13-6. Cardiac electrophysiology
  • Track 13-7. Interventional cardiac nurses
  • Track 13-8. Management of Acute CVA
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Coronary arteries are the part of heart muscles, in which the blood flow decreases due to acute coronary syndromes results in failed to function properly. Most common symptoms associated with ACS are chest pain, nausea, sweating and diabetes mellitus in older patients. ACS is most commonly connected with three clinical manifestations: These types are names as per the appearance of Electrocardiogram (ECG). 1. ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI, 30%), 2. Non ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI, 25%) 3. Unstable angina (38%) Diagnosis: Different diagnosis methods • Electrocardiogram • Imaging and blood tests • Prediction scores Prevention: Acute coronary syndrome often reflects a degree of damage to the coronaries by atherosclerosis. Primary prevention of atherosclerosis is controlling the risk factors: healthy eating, exercise, treatment for hypertension and diabetes, avoiding smoking and controlling cholesterol levels; in patients with significant risk factors, aspirin has been shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. Secondary prevention is discussed in myocardial infarction. After a ban on smoking in all enclosed public places was introduced in Scotland in March 2006, there was a 17% reduction in hospital admissions for acute coronary syndrome. 67% of the decrease occurred in non-smokers.[17] Treatment: People with presumed ACS are typically treated with aspirin, clopidogrel or ticagrelor, nitroglycerin, and if the chest discomfort persists morphine.
  • Track 14-1. Vitamin D intake and the risk of heart disease
  • Track 14-2. Prosthetic heart valves and associated complications
  • Track 14-3. Thrombolytic therapy in stroke
  • Track 14-4. Mental stress and its gender-specific link to coronary diseases
  • Track 14-5. Statin therapy for prevention of heart diseases
  • Track 14-6. Influence of diet and gut flora on cardiovascular diseases
  • Track 14-7. Cardiac rehabilitation
  • Track 14-8. Cardiac stem cells
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A stroke is a medical condition in which decreased blood flow to the brain results in cell death. There are two main types of stroke: Ischemic: Due to lack of blood flow Hemorrhagic: Due to bleeding Signs and symptoms of a stroke: It may include dizziness, difficulties in understanding or speaking, loss of vision and inability to move or feel on one side of the body, pneumonia and loss of bladder control. The symptoms of stroke can be long-lasting. Risk factors for Stroke: It includes high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, tobacco smoking, obesity, a previous TIA, diabetes mellitus, blockage of a blood vessel and atrial fibrillation. Diagnosis and Prevention: Diagnosis is usually based on a physical exam and supported by medical imaging such as MRI scan or CT scan, Electrocardiogram (ECG) and blood tests are done to determine risk factors. Prevention includes reducing risk factors, as well as using statins, aspirin, surgery to open up the problematic narrowing of arteries, and warfarin in those with atrial fibrillation. Stroke is a leading cause of disability in the United States, and recently declined from the third to fourth leading cause of death. 95% of strokes occur in people with 45 years of age and older, and two-thirds of strokes occur in those above the age of 65. Between 1990 and 2010 the number of strokes increased by 10% in the developing world and decreased by 10% in the developed world. Overall, two-thirds of strokes recorded in those above the age 65. South Asians are predominantly high at risk of stroke, accounting for 40% of stroke deaths globally. 60% of stroke deaths occur in women however men are 25% more likely to suffer from stroke than women.
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Cardiologists are doctors who specialized in diagnosing and treating diseases of the cardiovascular system. In the United States, it is essential to complete 4 years of medical school, 3 years of training in internal medicine, and at least 3 years specialization in cardiology. Heart diseases that a cardiologist can help, which include: Atherosclerosis, Atrial fibrillation, Arrhythmias, Congenital heart disease, Coronary heart disease, Congestive heart disease, High blood cholesterol and triglycerides, Hypertension, Pericarditis, Ventricular tachycardia and Hypertension A cardiologist will review a patient's medical history and carry out some physical tests, such as: Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), Ambulatory ECG, Echocardiogram, Cardiac catheterization, and Nuclear cardiology.
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Valvular heart disease is any disease condition involved with one or more of the four valves of the heart. These conditions are due to aging, congenital (inborn) abnormalities, pregnancy and rheumatic heart disease. Treatment: Some of the most common treatment of valvular heart diseases is given briefly as: • Avoid excessive alcohol consumption • Don't smoke • Antibiotics drugs • Antithrombotic medication such as Aspirin • Anticoagulant such as warfarin • Balloon dilatation • Water pills medication
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Cardiology is branch of medicine focuses on the research, diagnosis and the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Cardiovascular diseases are characterized by coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, arrhythmia or stroke. Pulmonology is a medical specialty deals with respiratory tract diseases. Pulmonologists are qualified in diseases of the chest, predominantly pneumonia, asthma, emphysema, tuberculosis and complicated chest infections.
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Atherosclerosis is a disease in which the narrowing of arteries due to the buildup of plaque which results in limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to parts of the body. Atherosclerosis is due to abnormal cholesterol levels, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, smoking, hereditary and an unhealthy diet. In the Initial stage no symptoms appear, when severe, it can result in stroke, coronary artery disease, kidney problems and peripheral artery disease depending on which arteries are affected. Atherosclerosis is normally come out in men when they are in 40s and women in their 50s to 60s. In United States as per 2004 data, in about 66% of men and 47% of women, the first indication of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease lead to heart attack or sudden cardiac death. Prevention: It is usually by taking healthy diet, not smoking, exercising, and maintaining a normal weight. Treatment: It includes blood pressure medication, medications to lower cholesterol such as statins, or medications to reduce clotting, such as aspirin. Various procedures may also be carried out such as coronary artery bypass graft, percutaneous coronary intervention, or carotid endarterectomy.
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Sports Cardiology is a sub-specialty of Cardiology where in the Cardiologists, exercise physiologists, physicians, physical educators, nurses, nutritionists, coaches, and psychologists diagnose and treat heart conditions with the aim of keeping athletes active and energetic in sports. Doctors work closely with individuals to evaluate and treat symptoms. They perform • A complete review of medical history • A thorough review on athletic history • Examine any cardiac conditions and symptoms • A cardiovascular physical examination • An electrocardiogram • Laboratory testing • Cardiopulmonary exercise tests • A sports medicine evaluation and consultation • Physical therapy • Suggestion to stay active in sports • Training exercise to improve athletic performance
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The vascular system consists of both small and large vessels specially designed to possess varying levels of blood flow and pressure, depending upon the location within the body. Vascular tissue is made up of a different population of cell types, including endothelial cells, pericytes, fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells, and other connective tissue cell types. The amalgamation of these cell types make up the vascular tissue and form connections, which permit for both active and passive transport across the vessel wall. The endothelial cells located within the vascular tissue are also involved in various other activities, including: • Providing an inside layer to the heart and blood vessels • Discharge of bioactive molecules to influence local cellular settings • Intervene normal microvascular growth and angiogenesis • Molecules transport from the blood to the interstitial fluid • Relate with contiguous smooth muscle cells during growth Appellations of Vascular Systems Cardiovascular research, Inflammation, Wound healing, Burn therapy, tudies, Angiogenesis, Basic cardiovascular biology, Tissue engineering and regenerative studies, Cell signaling studies, Gene expression profiling, and Toxicology screening.
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In medicine, a case report is a comprehensive report of the signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, management and follow-up of an individual patient. Case reports can be shared for scientific, medical and educational purpose. A case report plays a vital role in medical-clinical research, evidence-based medicine and provides a structure for case-based learning. Cardiology case reports are intended for: • Learning from medical cases or patients with cardiac problems provides valuable experience to the cardiologists, clinicians, and paramedical staff members • Learning different diagnostic processes from diverse medical cases • Case report should contain positive and negative findings, demographic profile of the patients, examination and investigations including clinical photographs • Describing preventive or therapeutic interventions
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Geriatric cardiology or Cardiogeriatrics is sub-discipline of cardiology and geriatric medicine concerned with the cardiovascular disorders in elderly people. Cardiac disorders such as coronary heart disease including heart failure, myocardial infarction, arrhythmias, cardiomyopathy in addition to the vascular disorders such as atherosclerosis, peripheral arterial disease are the reason for morbidity and mortality in aged people.
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Cardiovascular Pharmacology primarily focus on drugs used in the treatment of cardiovascular disease, both current drug classes and those in development.
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Robotic surgery is often called as da Vinci surgery. Robotic surgery is a heart surgery in which surgeons do heart surgery through tiny instruments and robot-controlled tools. Robotic surgeries has numerous applications in various heart-related procedures, including coronary artery bypass, valve surgery, heart defect repair, cardiac tissue ablation, and tumor removal. Benefits of Robotic Surgery • To remove tumors in the heart • Treat congenital heart conditions • Repair or replace leaky or stiff heart valves • Correct atrial fibrillation, a common type of arrhythmia • Procedure is minimally invasive when compared with open-heart surgery • Quick healing • Fewer ricks compared with open-heart surgery • Less trauma to the patient, including less pain • Shorter hospital stay (usually 3 to 4 days) • Decreased use of pain medications • Less bleeding • Decreased risk of infection Risks of Robotic Surgery The individual should undergo a series of procedures before Robotic Surgery, during which the patient age, medical history, demographics and lifestyle will be reviewed. There are always risks involved in Robotic Cardiac surgery, including: • Heart attack • Stroke • Infection • Death
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Repair or replacement of damaged heart tissue by using stem cell and cell therapy is called Cardiac Regeneration. Due to the advancement of Cardiac research and new scientific developments, there is a hope for different tissues or parts of the heart to eventually develop and the capacity to regenerate.
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Dyslipidemia is an increased amount of lipids in the blood. Abnormal increase in insulin levels can also lead to dyslipidemia.
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